Tablecloth and the transition to canvas.
Tablecloth in historic paintings.
Titian The Supper at Emmaus (1530)
the pattern of the tablecloth in this painting is very similar to this below pattern of the canvas of The Vendramin Family.
Closer examination shows that it is not exactly the same pattern. The design of how the warp threads are in the loom and how the weft threads were woven are different.
A similar pattern in a textile in the V&A archives dated 1400-1500
note: there is a great similarity between these three patterns; after analysing them it shows that none of these are identical which means that they all had a different threading in the loom
Burgundian The Last Supper (1515)
have a look at the pattern of the tablecloth (amplified in the circle)
a tablecloth and a canvas
…they all have a very similar pattern: a tablecloth, owned by Jan Bustin, a canvas of a painting by Francisco Correia c 1600,(source Rita Maltieira, thesis) and a painted tablecloth “La Cene” tryptique d’Autun, 1515, photograph courtesy of https://www.facebook.com/pages/Musée-Rolin/320952957931371
This story started with finding the thesis ‘A tela na pintura Portuguesa. Materiais e técnicas,do século XV ao século XIX’ by Rita Maltieira.
It was here where I found for the first time that a Portuguese painter had painted on a canvas with a pattern.
After having published this on my Facebook page, I received photographs from a tablecloth with a very similar pattern, that is owned by Jan Bustin, he bought it on a Belgium flee market.
Patricia Hilts has done an amazing work on translating the earliest weaving manual , ‘Weber Kunst und Bild Buch’ by Marx Ziegler (1674)
and has published this in Ars Textrina, volume thirteen, december 1990
Here I found a graphic of a pattern similar to both the 17th century canvas as well as the tablecloth, which led me to the Autun triptych.